Friday, August 21, 2020

Voting Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Casting a ballot Systems - Essay Example Majority or lion's share framework is the most as often as possible utilized democratic framework. This arrangement of casting a ballot starts things out as a primary concern when individuals consider casting a ballot. This framework has been acquired from British and today it is normally utilized in United States, UK and some different nations too. As indicated by this sort of casting a ballot framework the competitor who will accumulate either the lion's share or majority of voters will at last win the political decision. The fundamental object of this democratic framework is to speak to the greater part or majority of voters in a specific region, region or state. This framework can be additionally isolated into four distinct sorts which separate the majority and greater part arrangement of casting a ballot. The initial two are normally utilized majority arrangement of casting a ballot, while the other two are dominant part frameworks. After majority/greater part framework relative portrayal framework is the most utilized democratic framework. This democratic framework is by all accounts the contender of majority/lion's share casting a ballot framework as this framework is accepting prominence and industriously being utilized in a large portion of the European nations. Corresponding portrayal framework gives increasingly precise portrayal of gatherings. The fundamental methodology of corresponding portrayal framework is to speak to or show multimember area rather than single part locale. The quantity of seats pronounced to be won by a specific gathering in a political decision is corresponding to the measure of votes given to that party by the voters. Constituent framework de Constituent framework creators partitioned the corresponding portrayal framework in three fundamental sorts so as to accomplish progressively exact proportionate aftereffects of casting a ballot. These three sorts of PR casting a ballot framework are as per the following 1. Gathering List. 2. Blended Member Proportional. 3. Single transferable vote. Semi Proportional System Semi corresponding framework lies somewhere close to majority/lion's share framework and relative portrayal framework. Discretionary manager built up this sort of casting a ballot framework to take care of the issue of distortion of gatherings emerging from the majority/lion's share casting a ballot framework. In this democratic framework up-and-comers run in a multi-part area. Individuals have various votes and decision in favor of individual applicants. The champs are the up-and-comers with the most votes. In this framework votes of voters and the quantity of seats are firmly related. Number of votes of voters relies on the seats accessible. Semi corresponding arrangement of casting a ballot has two sorts which are the varieties of everywhere casting a ballot framework. These two sorts of semi relative framework are as per the following 1. Total Vote 2. Constrained Vote Majority Voting System Majority framework as clarified before depends on single part voting demographic framework and is utilized in a larger part of nations. Canada, India, the UK, and the USA are a portion of the prominnent vote based systems utilizing this arrangement of casting a ballot. There are various points of interest and detriments of the distinctive democratic frameworks however here we are just breaking down the major advanatages and drawbacks of the majority or dominant part framework concerning different frameworks accessible. Advanatges and Disadvantages Simplicty: First idea that rings a bell about majority

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Tremor as a Side Effect From Taking Antidepressants

Tremor as a Side Effect From Taking Antidepressants Depression Treatment Medication Print Tremor as a Side Effect From Taking Antidepressants By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on October 05, 2015 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 04, 2020 More in Depression Treatment Medication Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Types Childhood Depression Suicide In This Article Table of Contents Expand Tremor Definition Antidepressants and Tremor Other Medications Medical Conditions Diagnosis Treatment for Tremors View All Back To Top Is it normal to develop a tremor while taking an antidepressant? Which drugs may cause this symptom and how is it treated? Lets begin by talking about what a tremor is, the different types of tremors, and what other medications as well as medical conditions which may contribute to a tremor. Tremor Definition Tremor is an involuntary shaking that occurs in the head, limbs or eyelids. This shaking can occur either when you are moving or when you are attempting to hold your body still. It is usually fast (about four to 12 movements per second) and it may come and go or occur in bursts. It may subside during sleep and get worse when a person is under stress. A person might also experience head nodding or have a shaky sounding voice. There are some tremors which occur with rest and others which only occur with movement. Sometimes tremors occur with any movements, while other times they occur in response to very specific movements. A careful description of your tremor may help your doctor determine whether your antidepressant is causing your tremor of if it could be related to another condition. Antidepressant Classes and Tremor Certain types of antidepressants, such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic  antidepressants can indeed cause tremor as a side effect.?? Some studies estimate that 20% of patients treated with an SSRI or tricyclic antidepressant will develop a tremor. This may occur at any time after the medication was initiated. SSRI antidepressants include;: Celexa (citalopram)Lexapro (escitalopram)Luvox (fluvoxamine)Paxil (paroxetine)Prozac (fluoxetine)Symbyax, which is Prozac plus the antipsychotic Zyprexa (fluoxetine olanzapine)Zoloft (sertraline) Tricyclic antidepressants include: Ascendin (amoxapine)Anafranil (clomipramine)Elavil (amitryptyline)Norpramin (desipramine)Pamelor (nortryptyline)Surmontil (trimipramine)Sinequan (doxepin)Tofranil (imipramine)Vivactil (protryptyline) Other Medications Which May Cause Tremors Other psychiatric medications, such as lithium and Depakote (mood stabilizers used in bipolar disorder), may also commonly cause tremor.?? Antipsychotic medications, particularly the older agents (typical antipsychotics), may cause a tremor similar to Parkinsons disease. Extrapyramidal side effects of these drugs may also include dystonia (involuntary contractions of muscles), tardive dyskinesia (abnormal facial movements such as grimacing and chewing), and akathisia, a feeling of restlessness which may sometimes mimic a tremor.?? In addition, there are a wide variety of other prescription drugs which may cause a tremor including: EpinephrineAnticonvulsants (anti-epilepsy drugs)Anti-emetics (anti-nausea drugs)Bronchodilators used for asthma and COPDSome chemotherapy drugsSome immunosuppressant medicationsSome antibioticsSome anti-viral drugsSome heart and blood pressure medicationsStimulants such as caffeine and amphetamines Medical Conditions Which May Cause Tremors   Finally, there are certain medical conditions which can cause tremors, such as Parkinsons disease, alcohol withdrawal, hyperthyroidism, pheochromocytoma, Wilsons disease, and liver failure.?? How Can You Know If Your Tremor Is From Your Antidepressant? In order to determine whether your tremor is indeed related to your antidepressant, your doctor will do a physical exam and ask you questions about your medical history, including what medications you are taking. Generally, this is enough to determine if your antidepressant is causing your tremor, although your doctor may order additional testing if she needs to rule out any other potential causes. Treatment for Antidepressant-Induced Tremors Perhaps the best solution for tremor caused by antidepressants is to stop taking the drug causing it and switch to a different medication. Tremor will generally resolve over time after the offending medication has been ceased, but occasionally a tremor caused by SSRIs may persist. Sometimes, however, you may be doing so well on your medication that you dont want to change it for fear of returning depression. If this is the case, your doctor may opt to add an additional medication to control your tremors, such as a beta-blocker, a benzodiazepine, Mysoline (primidone,) Topamax (topiramate,) or Neurontin (gabapentin.)?? A Word From Verywell Certain classes of antidepressants, particularly SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants are commonly associated with the development of tremor. Other medications and medical conditions which can cause tremor may increase the likelihood of a tremor. Diagnosis is usually accomplished by taking a good history and doing a physical exam alone, but other tests may be needed especially if it is unclear whether your tremor is related to your antidepressant or an unrelated medical condition. The easiest treatment for antidepressant-induced tremor is simply discontinuing the drug, but this is not always possible. There are several types of medications which can be used to reduce the tremor while continuing the antidepressant if needed.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Rhetorical Analysis Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity...

Rhetorical Analysis of a Public Document Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a serious neurodevelopment disorder that has affected an innumerable number of children and adults in the United States (Centers for disease Control and Prevention, 2013). It is one of the most common disorders that can cause difficulty at school and home and can also remain into adulthood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)publishes a web page on ADHD to inform and persuade the public that ADHD is a condition that they should be concerned about. The web page provides facts on symptoms, diagnosis, causes, treatment plans, concerns, statistics and research to help expand the audience’s knowledge on the disorder. The CDC employs the rhetorical appeals of pathos, logos ethos and logos effectively by successfully employing emotional appeals, providing convincing fact and statistics, and building credibility by providing resources and evidence. Throughout the web page, the CDC discusses how the symptoms of ADHD can have a negative impact on a child’s life, and discusses facts on diagnosis and the process that one undergoes to be diagnosed with ADHD. It also by suggests the best treatment plans for parents and additional concerns that they should be aware of. The CDC’s main focus is to inform parents and researchers, health specialists and anyone else who seeks to learn more about symptoms, diagnosis, concerns, treatments and researches on ADHD. The CDC web pageShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis of a Public Document Assignment Essay926 Words   |  4 PagesDraft of a Rhetorical Analysis of a Public Document Assignment Goal Write a 750-1,000-word essay that analyzes the rhetorical situation of a public document. This public document is the Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) website on Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) found at: Your analysis should include at least TWO scholarly sources outside of class texts. Directions Complete a close reading of the assigned public documentRead MoreThe Center For Disease Control961 Words   |  4 PagesDisease Control Rhetorical Analysis The Heartbeat of Public Awareness on ADHD Even though the CDC provides a vast amount of information, the CDC website provides facts regarding ADHD, because CDC provides information for families and children living with ADHD and overall, broadens the public’s awareness. The Centers for disease control and prevention begins by providing analyzes to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) by acknowledging facts to a common but not so common disorder. The centersRead MoreRhetorical Analysis of the Cdc Essay809 Words   |  4 PagesA Rhetorical Analysis of the CDC’s Website on ADHD The purpose of The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is to protect the health of America and to â€Å"promote the quality of life through the prevention and control of the disease, injury, and disability (CDC, 2013).† The CDC has a concern about a growing disease that is normally found in children to young adults called Attention- Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. This Rhetorical Analysis will be focused on ADHD. TheRead MoreEssay on Study Notes829 Words   |  4 PagesFirst Draft of a Rhetorical Analysis of a Public Document Assignment Write a 750-1,000-word essay that includes an analysis of a public document. Your task is to do a close reading of a public document, summarize it, and then analyze its rhetorical situation. Use the sample rhetorical analysis from the textbook (pages 57-60) as a flexible guide—not as a rigid model. Your analysis will contain a few more features than the one found in the book. How you organize your analysis will depend in partRead MorePeculiarities of Euphemisms in English and Difficulties in Their Translation19488 Words   |  78 Pagesperiod of use the new term becomes so closely connected with the notion that it turns into a word as obnoxious as the earlier synonym. The aim of our work is to investigate the sources , the use and translation of euphemisms. We concentrate our attention on political texts. Euphemisms are difficult for the non- native speaker to learn in isolation from their original source. Grouping of euphemisms into categories according to a particular theme facilitates the process of learning. In my

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Small Business vs Big Business - 2018 Words

Big Business Starts as Small Business Software to support a growing enterprise There are two certainties in life – death and taxes. While both are unavoidable, at least the taxes issue can be managed. But managing taxes, and business finances in general, takes detailed information. Considering how most small businesses get their start in accounting for their business operations, it is not surprising that information gathering becomes one of the most time -consuming and frustrating tasks around tax time. Fixing the problem from the beginning and keeping a system with the detailed data you need on an ongoing basis is the key to avoiding the rush and to building a business information framework that spans the life of the business entity. In†¦show more content†¦Systems which take a broad view of the business, offering only general information and process support, frequently do not supply the business with the levels of intelligence truly required. For example, a manufacturing business needs to fully understand and manage the manufacturing processes and materials supply to ensure profitability and consistent product quality. A retailer needs to know which products sell in which markets in order to ensure product stock and availability to key customers. And all of this information is time-critical if the business is to make necessary adjustments in time to benefit from them. This level of detail can only come from a system which incorporates a certain specific orientation towards the operational processes of the business. The fact of selling a product to a customer is an activity which gets recorded, but the additional details of the customer location, pricing levels, purchasing levels, salesman, inventory item, and warehouse location tell the rest of the story. Over time, the business owner can then better understand customer purchasing habits, inventory item turnover, supplier dependencies - a wealth of business intelligence. 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Building Trust Within a Group Free Essays

Building Trust within a Group Mgt/521 When working in teams I have found that team members have to earn trust from one another. It helps that everyone in the group has the same goal and in the end wants to achieve the same things. Trust is built when everyone is engaged and there is plenty of communication and involvement from each team member. We will write a custom essay sample on Building Trust Within a Group or any similar topic only for you Order Now There has to be a lot of give and take. Trust is built starting from small assignments and each individual doing their part. Trust can easy be lost right away if someone in the group is not participating to achieve the end goal. It is important to keep trust among team members by staying involved, communicating, and working together. The weight of the team projects must be evenly dispersed throughout team members. If one team member is going more than others, trust can be lost. Trust is very complex and has multiple layers. Although trust is a major factor in interpersonal relationships, there has been relatively little research done on the topic. Trust emerges and changes in situations that are difficult to observe and study, such as in â€Å"strain test† situations (Holmes, 1981). Strain test situations are when on individual’s outcomes is dependent on his or her partner, but the actions that would promote the individual’s own interests differ than what would benefit the partner. I think this goes back to the give and take scenario and doing what is best for the group, not just one individual. References Holmes, J. G. (1981). The exchange process in close relationships: Micro behavior and macro motives. In M. J. Lerner S. C. Lerner (Eds. ), the justice motive in social behavior (pp. 261–284). New York: Plenum. Current Directions in Psychological Science, (2007, Oct 01); 16(5); p264 5p. How to cite Building Trust Within a Group, Papers

Friday, April 24, 2020

Security Organs in the US

Defense Support of Civil Authorities and its importance Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) denotes the process through which the US military can be deployed to undertake tasks that are meant for the civil authorities (Tussing McCreight, 2014). Conventionally, the military is charged with the responsibility of defending the US territories against intrusion by foreigners.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Security Organs in the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, in the contemporary times, the role of the US military has changed greatly due to increased terrorist activities. The US military now works with the civil authorities in mitigating domestic crimes and in other rescue missions during disasters. The DSCA is headed by The Directorate of Military Support for Domestic Operations (DOMS) and each state has a single DOMS. The DOMS is responsible for discharging military equipments and per sonnel to areas of disasters when called to do so by the office of emergency management. The basic roles, functions, missions, and capabilities of the National Guard The National Guard is a special military reserve unit established at around 1636 (Buchalter, 2007). It is composed of citizen-soldiers and they are mandated to serve in the army while preserving their civilian lives. The National Guard is made up of two branches, viz. the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard. The National Guard’s personnel are skilled men and women who provide technical support to the military in times of special needs. The mission of the National Guard is primarily to offer support to the military in times of active warfare. Initially, such support was only afforded in active warfare involving the US and a foreign country. However, the mission is changing with the changing nature of attacks within the US territories. Terrorist attacks have increased tremendously within the US, thus fac ilitating the deployment of the National Guard in the homeland security. In pursuance of this mission, the National Guard was employed during the Second World War to contain the Soviet Union.Advertising Looking for research paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The National Guard’s main responsibility is to provide professional support to the active soldiers in times of war (Buchalter, 2007). With the introduction of the â€Å"Total Force Concept† in the 1970s, the role of the National Guard has changed greatly (Tussing McCreight, 2014). The concept was launched by Melvin Laird, the then secretary of defense. The move followed concerns from the public over excessive expenditure on the Vietnam War. The total force concept requires cooperation amongst all elements of the forces. In other words, the concept increased the National Guard’s involvement in the US security. The National Guard also assists in the homeland security (Buchalter, 2007). Given that unit personnel are deployed in almost every community in the US, they act as intermediaries between the federal government and the local communities. They have the skills and authority needed to respond to terrorist attacks in the homeland. There are about 3,000 armories located across the US, which is a clear indication that they also assist the federal government in maintaining homeland security on top of providing emergency services to the military in times of active participation. In addition to providing assistance to the army and maintaining the homeland security, the National Guard offers training to local first responders (Buchalter, 2007). The training centers on emergency response in case of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) events (D’Agostino, 2010). The training benefits the rest of the military as well as local law enforcers. Presently, the National Guard has roughly 3,000 personne l trained to operate in hazardous environment such as chemically contaminated environments. In addition to providing military support in times of war between the US and a foreign power, the National Guard also participates in domestic issues. The National Guard is subdivided into units deployed in all the 50 states making up the US (Buchalter, 2007).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Security Organs in the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The units operate under the governors of their respective states and at times, they may be ordered to participate in the provision of emergency services in times of disasters in their respective states. The unit is called upon to respond to natural calamities such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. However, the state employing the services of the National Guard in such incidences should pay some fee to the federal government to obtain consent (D’Agostino, 2010). The concept of Defense Support of Civil Authorities The local law enforcement agencies regularly require the support of the military in critical situations (Tussing McCreight, 2014). The deployment of the military under the DSCA is the last resort after all other means have failed. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is authorized to deploy federal resources to any state in times of disasters upon request by a state. FEMA can command any local federal forces to join in mitigating a disaster in any state, but it can only request the military’s support when all other agencies have failed to contain the situation (Buchalter, 2007). Every federal agency is at liberty to appeal for military help. However, the agency seeking for the assistance should specify on the nature and extent of the assistance needed using a memorandum. Military aid is synchronized with the local authorities in the area where such assistance is needed. This aspect ensures that the support is maximized. Decisions regarding withdrawal or continuance of the support are made by the DoD officials, local government, and federal agencies (Tussing McCreight, 2014). A new memo must be prepared if changes are to be made to the original request. There are plentiful other decrees, principles and laws that govern the armed forces’ function in carrying out operations aimed at supporting the local authorities (D’Agostino, 2010). The laws include the Insurrection Act, Homeland Security Act, and the Homeland Security Presidential Directive – 5 (Buchalter, 2007).Advertising Looking for research paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The aforementioned rules apply to the concept of DSCA and determine military response to calls for assistance. When local law enforcers deploy the assistance of DSCA, the forces so employed immediately become answerable to the operational control of U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM). Explain DOD’s roles and responsibilities in homeland defense The Department of Defense (DoD) is a department within the federal government charged with the responsibility of managing and overseeing all the activities of the federal security organs (Buchalter, 2007). The department is the largest employer worldwide and it has over 3 million employees. Its employees are not only military men, but also civilians who execute other special functions. The department oversees all the security operations in the US under the watch of the Secretary of Defense. The secretary of defense is answerable to the president of the US. There are three departments within the DoD, viz. the U.S. Department of the Army , the U.S. Department of the Navy, and the U.S. Department of the Air Force (Buchalter, 2007). The intelligence departments are also under this department. The department’s major functions are outlined below. DoD chief function is to coordinate the operations of the US security organs (D’Agostino, 2010). The department allocates resources to various security organs depending on the needs of the security organ in question. The department organizes and conducts recruitment for military personnel. In addition, DoD retains the resources for the military and only releases them when needed. DoD is responsible for the procurement of military equipments necessary for the working of the military. The department is also charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the military remains equipped and ready to counter attacks that may arise. The department, through the various intelligence departments that operate under it, is responsible for providing intelligence reports to th e president regarding the security of the nation (Tussing McCreight, 2014). The intelligence community is charged with the responsibility of providing warnings to security agents of security threats prior to their occurrence. The IC is composed of highly trained crime detectives with the ability to detect crime before it is accomplished. It is composed of both the military and civilians. The security officers in charge of providing global security rely greatly on the IC’s report to combat terrorism and protect the citizens around the world. All the intelligence departments are under the DoD and intelligence reports are submitted to the DoD, which in turn presents it to the president (Buchalter, 2007). The intelligence report is important to a nation’s security since it warns the country of an attack before it is accomplished. The DoD’s objectives in homeland defense The primary objective of the DoD is to secure the US territories from foreign attacks (D’ Agostino, 2010). The department has well skilled and equipped personnel who ensure that the American territories remain secure. With the increasing terrorist attacks, the department aims at achieving full protection of its boarders and counter crime. In a bid to accomplish this mission, the department recruits qualified personnel and affords the necessary training to equip them with the necessary skills to counter attacks. In addition, the department has highly experienced intelligence personnel with the ability to detect crime before it is accomplished. This objective extends to cover containing major threats to the world’s security. The second objective that the DoD is obliged to meet is homeland security (Gates, 2009). The department has highly trained staff and it avails assistance to the local law enforcers as and when needed. Its objective is to train military personnel to handle different types of crimes including nuclear attacks. How the US employs all elements of nat ional power in homeland defense The military’s primary function is to protect the US territories against external attacks. However, this role has extended to the provision of emergency services and support to the civil authorities (Gaston, 2011). The military only comes to support the civil authorities. Crises are managed at the lowest level by the civil authorities, but when the nature of the crisis turns critical and it can no longer be managed by the local authorities, the military is deployed to assist. Military support is requested by the agency in need of the support and it is required to pay the cost incurred by the army. The requesting agency is required to file a memo to the DOMS containing the nature of support needed and the estimated cost of the operation. The US military collaborates with the civil authorities in times of disasters and in countering riots and demonstrations by the public in major towns in the US. However, the military is employed in situations wh ere the local law enforcement agencies cannot manage due to lack of skills or equipment (Tussing McCreight, 2014). Defense Support of Civil Authorities is an important aspect of security in the US since it ensures that the country is secure at all times. The military at times share training facilities and equipments with the local civilians increasing the ability of the local law enforcers to counter attacks. References Buchalter, R. (2007). Military Support to Civil Authorities: The Role of the Department f Defense in Support of Homeland Defense. Retrieved from D’Agostino, M. (2010). Homeland defense: DOD can enhance efforts to identify capabilities to support civil authorities during disasters. Collingdale, PA: DIANE Publishing. Gaston, R. (2011). Standardizing readiness and response in defense support of civil authorities. Retrieved from Gates , M. (2009). National defense strategy. Collingdale, PA: DIANE Publishing. Tussing, B., McCreight, R. (2014). Introduction to Homeland Defense and Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA): The U.S. Military’s Role to Support and Defend. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. This research paper on Security Organs in the US was written and submitted by user Damarion U. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.